The material provided on www.vapa.ie is for information purposes only and is not a substitute for talking to or seeking help from health, counselling or law enforcement professionals. The information provided on www.vapa.ie is an amalgamation of international and on-going research. This information is presented in a condensed and general informational manner and will be updated occasionally. Every effort has been made to ensure that this information is accurate. Site users should get additional professional advice relevant to their particular circumstances.

Access to and use of the information herein is entirely at the risk of the user. The Violence & Abuse Prevention Alliance shall not be liable, directly or indirectly, to the user or any other third party for any damage resulting from the use of the information contained or implied in the VAPA website.

The views expressed on www.vapa.ie reflect the individual authors own opinions and not all contributors or trustees of the Violence & Abuse Prevention Alliance. This site contains links to a range of external web sites. VAPA takes no responsibility for the content of such sites, nor do links to such sites imply endorsement of the views expressed by the organisations or individuals responsible for them. External links are provided for information purposes only.


All information and materials on www.vapa.ie are copyright and, as such, are protected by law. All authors encourage the use of material on this site by students, academics, service providers and members of the public. VAPA gives permission for text on this site to be quoted, provided that the information is not used for profit or changed, and that the source is acknowledged appropriately (eg; 'Information from (Author) Violence & Abuse Prevention Alliance website, web address: http://www.vapa.ie'). For further information about reproducing information or about the acknowledgement required, please contact l.hempenstall@ucc.ie.

Privacy Policy

The Violence & Abuse Prevention Alliance places the safety of men, women and children as their priority. All members of VAPA adhere to ethical guidelines and principles of psychological societies (Ireland and the UK). The VAPA website collects two types of information. The first type is aggregated data on the number of visitors to the website. No identifying information can or is collected through this method. The second type of information is via the surveys. Again, no identifying information is sought or gathered. Participation is this research is voluntary and participants remain anonymous unless they state otherwise. At no time will personal information about users of the site be shared with third parties.